The surge of women in the workforce The surge of women in the workforce View the most recent version. Archived Content Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes.
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Archived This has been archived on the Web. The Canadian labour market has seen remarkable changes since the s.
Computer-based technologies bugger helped automate workplaces. Globalization and the economic emergence of countries such as China and India have increased the volume of international trade and reshaped entire industries.
The percentage of workers employed in unionized jobs, manufacturing jobs, or jobs covered by employer-sponsored pension plans has fallen. At the same time, Canadian workers have more owmen education than workers in the s. One of the most substantial changes to the Canadian labour market is the participation, en masse, of women.
Over the second half of the 20th century, women became far more involved in the workforce than ever before. The labour force participation rate of women rises steadily from the s to In the early s, about one-quarter lloking women aged 25 to 54 participated in the labour market, that is, they had a job or were looking for one. In contrast, virtually every man in the same age group was participating in the labour market during this period.
However, women began increasing their presence lopking the labour market as social norms regarding gender roles evolved, new technologies such as electrical appliances reduced the time needed to perform household chores, families had fewer children and employment opportunities in the service sector increased.
Women's involvement in the labour force has risen at a slower pace since The early s marked the beginning of a slowdown in the growth of women's labour market participation. While their participation rate grew by 1.
Overall, the difference in the labour market participation rate between men and women aa from more than 70 percentage points in the early s to less than 10 percentage points today. Description for Chart 1 Labour force participation rates of men and women aged 25 to 54, to Year.